In designing lesson plan teachers will define what kind of approach will be taken that is suitable with the competency standard and based competency according to the national curriculum. And they also will define what methods and techniques will be applied. And then they will prepare what media and material will be given in learning process. In defining those approach, methods and techniques must be student centered . Hopefully by designing lesson plan well the learning process will run well, too.
The steps of lesson plans must consist of pre, whilst and post activities, that have to improve from elaboration ( BKOF/building knowledge of the feeling), exploration (MOT/modeling of text) and then Confirmation (JCOT/join construction of the text or ICOT/independent construction of the text).
When the learning process in the class happen sometime or mostly appear some problems that the teachers don't want, like bad student responses or bad result in evaluation. Yup...these will be good things for teachers as problems that have to be solved. How they solve those problems can be written as 'A Case Study' and then developed into 'CAR' (Classroom Action Research). So CAR becomes the way to repair learning process.
For English lesson is hoped in designing plan teachers will facilitate the students to use the language, to make them language users. Don't make them only studying about language but giving them opportunities and chances to use language, so it is suggested to use communicative approach.
Learning language will be more effectively using the language, like babies or children learn their mother tongue.This is a kind of natural approach. Teaching language must be relax, without stresses no home wok. But of course it is impossible to be applied in our classes, but some of the idea especially 'joyful' situation without stress should be always available in our classes, so our students will have many experiences to use English by integrated ways such as Listening and Speaking, Listening and Writing, Reading and Writing or mixed of those four language skills that we have to facilitate in English class.
Ya what I write here is what I get in P4TK Bahasa Training for Pengelola program Bermutu in Sanur Bali today, July 2nd, 2010, with the speaker Mr Taufik (WI P4TK). And the modul ( Designing Lesson Plan )should be discussed in English MGMP. I also have copied a big file of teaching English from him, that consist of books , music and video. I'll copy them in CD and I will give them to English MGMP in order to share with other English teachers.